Jean-Claude Trichet is presently chairman of the Board of Directors of Bruegel Institute (Brussels) and chairman of the Trilateral Commission for Europe. He is a member of the “Institut de France” (Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques). He is a member of the board of directors of Airbus Group and honorary chairman of the Group of 30 (Washington).
Jean-Claude Trichet worked in the competitive sector from 1966 to 1968. He was appointed to the Inspection générale des Finances in 1971. He was assigned to various posts at the Ministry of Finance in the General Inspectorate of Finance and later in the Treasury Department, where in 1976 he became Secretary General of the Interministerial Committee for Improving Industrial Structures (CIASI).
Jean-Claude Trichet was made an adviser to the President of the French Republic (Valéry Giscard d’Estaing) in 1978. In 1986 he headed the Private Office of the Minister of Economic Affairs, Finance and Privatisation (Edouard Balladur). In 1987 he became Director of the Treasury. He was Chairman of the European Monetary Committee from 1992 until his appointment as Governor of the Banque de France in 1993. He was instrumental in the implementation of the French strategy of “competitive desinflation” in the 80’s and the 90’s.
Jean-Claude Trichet was elected Chairman of the Group of Ten (G10) Governors on 29 June 2003 , then of the “Global economy meeting” of Central Bank governors and of the Group of Governors and heads of supervision (GHOS) in Basel (until October 2011). He became President of the European Central Bank on November 1st 2003 for a eight year mandate. Since late 2010 and until end of October 2011, Mr. Trichet has been Chairman of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB).
He was named “Person of the Year” by the Financial Times (2007), “Policymaker of the Year” by “The International Economy Magazine” (1991 and 2007), was n° 5 of the “World Most Powerful” in the 2008 Newsweek list and was one of the “Most Influential People in the World” in Time Magazine (2011).
He has received the 2011 International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen for his contribution to European unity and the 2011 Global Economy Prize from the Kiel Institute for the World Economy. He received the “Lifetime Achievement Award” of the National Association of Business Economists in Washington (2014) and the Prize of the “Monetärer Workshop”, Frankfurt (2016).
Born in Lyon, Jean-Claude Trichet is an honorary inspecteur général des Finances and ingénieur civil des Mines. He is a graduate of the École nationale supérieure des Mines de Nancy, of the Institut d’études politiques de Paris, of the Université de Paris (in economics) and of the École nationale d’administration. He has been awarded honorary doctorates by several universities (Stirling, Montreal, Liege, Tel Aviv, Bologna and Sofia).
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